NLD is a brain-based difference that has many strengths and weaknesses. Areas of strength typically include early speech and vocabulary development, precocious reading skills, and assets with spelling and rote memory skills. Challenging areas include visual-spatial concerns, motor control (including gross and fine motor skills) and social-emotional development.
Early and developed speech
Read books prior to expected time frame for reading
Demonstrates interest with adults, older children, or younger children
Gross and fine motor skills
Gross: riding a bike, unsteady balance, skipping
Fine: tying shoes, cutting and pasting, writing with a pencil
Lack of visual image, challenges copying from the board or a book, organizational challenges, transitions are difficult
Overly trusting, “black and white” thinking, difficulty making age-appropriate friends, challenges in responding in conversations, lacks confidence
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